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CORN POPPY

 Coquelicot

I- Nomenclature

Latin name: Papaver rhoeas

Family : Papaveraceae

Common namesCommon poppy, Corn Poppy, Corn Rose, Field Poppy, Flanders poppy, Red Poppy [1]

 

II- Legends and traditions

In the language of flowers, the poppy embodies consolation, rest and tranquility.

In French folklore, the poppy wedding symbolizes the 8 years of marriage.

History

The poppy was associated in the twentieth century, in particular in Commonwealth countries (United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, etc.) with the memory of combatants. Poppies bloomed in the worst fields of Somme and Flanders, and their red color was a fitting symbol for the bloodbath of trench warfare.

 

III- Botanical description

Description: The poppy is an annual plant with a taproot, fibrous, whitish.

The stem, 50 to 70 centimeters, is cylindrical, branchy, erect, fragile, covered with rough hairs.

The leaves, usually sessile and alternate, are cut into narrow, toothed lobes.

The flowers have four slightly crumpled petals that overlap little. Their numerous stamens have bluish-black anthers.

The fruits (not to be confused with the flowers in bud) are hairless, ovoid capsules with poricidal dehiscence containing a large quantity of seeds, easily dispersed by the wind.

Habitatcommon in France

Harvest: The poppy prefers calcareous soils especially in harvests. Harvest the petals, taking care to eliminate those that are lighter or very small. Dry them in the shade with great care. Spread them in very thin layers on a mosquito net in a dry, warm and ventilated room. On drying, the flower takes on a darker, wine-red color.

Pars used : Petals

 

IV- Active ingredients

Petals

Anthocyanosides

0.05% alkaloids: rhoeadine

Mucilage 

 

V- Therapeutic uses

Properties

Petals

•   Softening

•   Astringent

•   Calming

•   Pectoral

•   Sleeping pill (safe for children)

 
Indications

Angina, asthma, bronchitis, whooping cough, colds;

Catarrh;

Colic;

Eruptive fever;

Insomnia.

Dosage

Cataplasm: on inflamed eyelids.

Soft extract: 0.20 to 0.40g per day.

Infusion: 10 to 20gr / liter. Infuse 10 minutes. Drink 3 to 4 cups / day.

Syrup: 200gr of petals in a liter of boiling water. Add 1kg of sugar. Cook until the consistency of syrup is obtained. Take 3 tbsp. per day.

 

VI- Precaution of use

Contraindication

None known

 

VII- The suggestion box

Poppy Candy

100g of fresh petals, 200g of sugar.

Pass the petals in a blender and mix them with the sugar.

Pour everything into a non-stick frying pan or saucepan.

Heat everything, stirring constantly until the mixture turns to caramel, stop cooking and pour into a dish. Let cool and cut into small pieces while the caramel is soft. The sweets are ready.

 

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papaver_rhoea


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