HERBARIUM


BOX

I- Nomenclature

Latin name: Buxus sempervirens Buis

Family : Buxaceae

Common names: Common Box, European box, Boxwood [i]

Etymology

From the Latin buxis, and the Greek pyxos "box tree"

II- Legends and traditions
Buxus became a symbol of immortality on account of its slow growth, great longevity and evergreen leaves. 

The Greeks and Romans made writing tablets from box wood. 

On Palm Sunday, Christians place blessed box twigs near a crucifix. 

III- Botanical description

Description: A family of shrubs and small trees that grow very slowly (around 10 cm/year) and can live for centuries. 

The leaves are opposite, tough, oval or lanceolate, dark green and shiny on the surface and yellowy green and matt on the underside. The stalk is very short. 

In March-April, the plant produces sessile blooms in the auxiliary of the leaves. The flowers are yellowy-green with no corolla. The blooms consist of a number of male flowers and one female flower with 3 styles. 

The fruit is a small capsule around 3 cm long, which opens in September to release its seeds. 

Habitat: The box is native to western and southern Europe, southwest, southern and eastern AsiaAfricaMadagascar, northernmost South AmericaCentral AmericaMexico and the Caribbean, with the majority of species tropical or subtropical. Only the European and some Asian species are frost-tolerant.

Pars used : Leaves and bark

 

IV- Active ingredients

Leaves & bark

Alkaloids 

Mucilage

 

V- Therapeutic uses

Properties

Bark

Leaves

Depurative

Antipyretic

Induces sweating

Purgative

Indications

Internal use

Feverish conditions (malaria)

Bile duct infections

Biliary insufficiency

Rheumatism

Gout

Syphilis

Nervous disorders

Epilepsy

External use

Infected and slow-healing wounds

Dosage

Internal use

Infusion: 1 teat spoon of bark and leaves for each cup of water. Boil and infuse for 10 minutes. Take 2-3 cups daily (NB: box easily upsets the stomach)

Decoction: 

40g of leaves and bark; boil for 10 minutes. Take 1-2 cups a day for arthritis.

60g of leaves and bark; boil for 10 minutes. Take 2 cups a day with lemon juice for gout affecting the feet.

50g of leaves and bark; boil for 10 minutes. Take 2 cups a day for rheumatism, sub acute articular rheumatism or for fevers. 

External use

Rub: finely chop 50g of fresh leaves and macerate for 10 days in ½ liter of rum. Filter, add a few drops of lavender essential oil. Use daily as a rub for alopecia (accelerated hair loss). Also good for dandruff.

Wine: boil 250 g of wood chips in a liter of wine for 30 minutes then leave to cool. Use as a local rub for weak limbs. 

Decoction: use a decoction of leaves as a wash for gangrenous wounds and ulcers. 

 

VI- Precaution of use

 Contraindication

Do not use during menstruation, if using contraception, during pregnancy or breast feeding.

Must be scrupulously dosed as buxus can become highly toxic, cause vomiting, convulsions and respiratory problems. 

Not to be used for prolonged periods of time. Do not take for more than one week at a time and with a minimum of one week break before taking repeat use.

 

[i] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buxus_sempervirens


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